Description of the tour:
The first stone in the foundation of the Lviv Opera House was laid in June 1897. The opera house was designed by the famous European architect Zygmunt Gorgolewski. The theater was opened on October 4, 1900 with the premiere of the opera "Janek" (Wladyslaw Zelenski), which tells the story of the Carpathian Highlanders. The main role in "Janek" was played by the famous Lviv tenor Oleksandr Myszuga. Besides him, such performers as Ada Sari, Oleksandr Bandrowski, Mattia Battistini, Helena Ruszkowska-Zboinska, Gemma Bellincioni, Janina Korolewicz-Waydowa, Jan Kepura, and others performed on the stage of the Lviv Opera. Lviv Opera is considered one of the three most beautiful theaters in Europe.
The theater is richly decorated both outside and inside the building. It is an achievement of Galician art of the late XIX and early XX centuries. Sculptors Piotr Wojtowicz, Anthony Popiel, Edward Pech, Tadeusz Barancz, artists Tadeusz Popel, Marcelius Harasymovych, Tadeusz Rybkowski, Zymund Rozwadowski, Stanislaw Jasenski and others worked on it. At the entrance to the theater we admire 12 paintings under the ceiling of the lobby under the conditional name "Professions", gilded balustrade of the second balcony (wrought metal, it looks like lace), palmettes and mascarons on the walls, cameos along the frieze, which embody Suffering, Self-Liberation , Joy, Dance, Sadness, Beauty and Music. From above, soft light from the sun during the day and from the moon and stars at night shines naturally and pleasantly through the glass vault-chandelier. That is why it is never completely dark in the lobby. At the level of the first floor there is a mirror hall, an important element of decoration of which are mirrors placed for optical expansion of the hall opposite each other. Here, above the entrance and above in front of the door, are four female figures who personify Motherhood (with a child), Love (with Cupid), Pride (with a mirror), Envy (with a snake). Above the mirrors make a good mood images of the four seasons: winter (with fire), summer (with a pipe), spring (with flowers), autumn (with fruit between chrysanthemums). As you can see, the paintings in the theatre reflect the great diversity of our world with its arts, professions, feelings, characters… In both wings of the mirror hall we find images of four parts of the world that gather around Europe - the most progressive and most civilized of them. Europe in the form of a boy traveling from continent to continent is rewarded with its most valuable treasures: America - gold, Asia - pearls and artificial creations of Japanese and Chinese artists, an African - diamonds and an ostrich feather ...
On the three panels of the plafond, Poetry is depicted in the center as a girl listening to the Bells together with dancing (a girl with a harp) and music on both sides. The mirror hall offers a beautiful view of Svobody Avenue, which looks especially beautiful in the evening.
In the auditorium we are invited by Comedy and Tragedy, which are located above the white marble staircase with a marble terracotta-gray balustrade in the main lobby.
The hall is shaped like a large lyre (1850 x 2250 centimeters) and can accommodate a thousand people. It was designed by 10 artists under the direction of Stanislaw Reichan, whose style of writing can be assessed by looking at the narrow ceiling above the stage of the Opera - "The Apotheosis of Glory". We can see the old coat of arms of Lviv and the composition "Genius and Angel" by sculptor Piotr Wojtowicz.
The main ceiling of the Opera consists of ten sectors with images of Bacchanalia, Grace, Inspiration, Music, Dance, Criticism, Drama, Chastity, Illusion, Truth, attracts attention. In the heart of the ceiling shines a chandelier designed by Zygmunt Gorgolewski.
The hall is decorated not only with paintings and sculptures, but also with luxurious stucco, gilding, carvings. The boxes on the ground floor are framed by a colonnade. Twenty unique paintings on gray marble adorn the first balcony. Another balcony is "supported" by caryatids and atlases, the third balcony - by germs. The stage of the Lviv Opera has two curtains: one fire-fighting, which weighs more than twelve tons, and a purely decorative one. This painting, created by artist Henryk Siemiradski (1843-1902), is one of the most unique works of art in Lviv.
Henryk Siemiradski painted for almost a year and finished his work in June 1900. The curtain was shown at exhibitions in Warsaw and Rome, but it did not have time to open the Lviv Opera House. The audience first saw it in January 1901. The author described the curtain "Muses on Parnassus" as follows: "Against the background of the temple of Apollo is the central figure of the god of poetry and fine arts, personifying the form of Pythia inspiration." From the secret vapors of the depths of the earth, a winged Fantasy is created and rises. The force that balances Fantasy in the time of conscious creativity is the Mind standing on the other side of the Delphic tripod in Minerva's clothes with scales in hand - a symbol of balance. On the right side, against the background of a gloomy landscape, the master depicted a crowd of people chasing...
Duration of the tour: 1 hours
The biggest quantity of tourists
in a tour group: 40 persons
Extra costs: 5 USDollar